On 15th December, 1832 Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, was born in Dijon, France. He designed and built the world famous ‘Eiffel Tower‘. A graduate of École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures of France, a French civil engineer and architect, specialized in metal construction focused mainly to built bridges. After the death of Eugène Viollet-le-Duc ‘CE (Chief Engg.) of the Statue of Liberty’ in 1879, Gustave Eiffel was hired to continue the incredible skeleton of the structure. We all have always wondered that how tall is Eiffel Tower or what is the height of Eiffel Tower? Today we will get the answer for the same.
In 1866, Alexandre Gustave Eiffel had set up his own company. His work includes: Iron Bridge at Bordeaux, Gallery of Machines for the Paris Exhibition of 1867, steel-arched Ponte Maria Pia Bridge in Oporto, Garabit Viaduct in Truyère, France. Let’s know about how he started making Eiffel Tower, How Tall is the Eiffel Tower, and the history behind the globally famous construction.
Facts about Alexandre Gustave Eiffel’s Eiffel Tower:
- Since its opening from March 31, 1889, 260 million people have visited the great Eiffel Tower. Presently, the survey stated that the tower is visited by almost 7 million people/year.
- The lifts of the tower travels 103,000 km a year i.e. 2.5 times the circumference of the Earth.
- During very cold weather, the Eiffel tower shrinks by approximately 6 inches.
- Its construction took almost 800 days.
- How tall is the Eiffel Tower? 324 metres tall, 1,665 steps and weighing 10,100 tonnes, it was the world’s tallest manmade structure for 41 years until the completion of the Chrysler Building in New York in 1930.
- During the German occupation, the lift cables of the tower were detached. Nazi soldiers then attempted to attach a swastika to the top of it, but it was so huge that it blew away and had to be replaced with a smaller one.
- In 1944, as the Allies approached Paris, Hitler ordered Dietrich von Choltitz, to demolish the tower but fortunately the General refused.
- The Tower is painted every 7 years & it requires 60 tonnes of paint.
- The tower appears in the 1985 Bond film A View to a Kill fight scene in the Jules Verne restaurant.
- There are several replicas of this tower around the world, including one in Las Vegas and in Shenzhen, China.
- The tower comprises 18,000 metallic parts, joined together by 2.5 million rivets.
- Eiffel Tower tower sways around 2-3 inches in a strong wind.
- The names of 2 engineers, scientists and mathematicians including Gustave Eiffel are engraved on the side of the tower.
- There are 20,000 light bulbs on the tower to sparkle the night in Paris.
- The majority of visitors are French(10.9%), Italy and Spain (8.2% each), US (7.9%), Britain (7.5%), Germany (5.9%) and Brazil (5.9%).
- One of the oldest tower design which was then revealed as the ‘Draft Copy’ of Gustave Eiffel is shown below:
Onlookers were awed that Alexandre Gustave Eiffel could build the world’s tallest structure as the tower also directed Eiffel’s interest to the field of aerodynamics. and he used the structure for several experiments and built the first aerodynamic laboratory at its base, later moving the lab to the outskirts of Paris. The lab included a wind tunnel, and Eiffel’s work there influenced some of the first aviators, including the Wright Brothers. Eiffel went on to write several books on aerodynamics, most notably Resistance of the Air and Aviation, first published in 1907. Gustave Eiffel turned his interest to meteorology in his final years, studying the subject in deep before his death on December 27, 1923. Still people wonder about the engineering skills of Gustave Eiffel and applauds him.
Gustave Eiffel built building ‘The Eiffel Tower’ is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. Not including broadcast aerials, it is the second-tallest structure in France, after the Millau Viaduct.
Construction started: 28 January 1887
Construction Completed: 15 March 1889
Opening: 31 March 1889
Owner City: Paris, France
We hope that you liked the biography of Eiffel Tower and Alexandre Gustave Eiffel Tower (on his 183rd birthday).